The Delicate Balance of Estrogen and Progesterone

Estrogen and progesterone are primarily female hormones that regulate menstrual cycles, libido, sexual response, and reproduction. Any menopausal woman will testify to the discomfort that ensues when this delicate balance is disrupted. But how do these hormones work together and what can be done about an imbalance between them?



Estrogen is produced by the ovaries and usually plentiful in the female body. In fact, most female hormone imbalances that occur in menstruating women do so as a result of estrogen dominance. Estrogen contributes to the development of the reproductive organs and to the distribution of body fat. Menopausal women experience a decrease in estrogen production as the ovaries cease their function, which can lead to symptoms such as vaginal dryness, decreased bone density, irritability, and hot flashes.


Progesterone helps to regulate the functions of the reproductive organs, sustain pregnancy, and maintain healthy sex drive. Because it encourages the development of the endometrium during a regular menstrual cycle and allows the body to dispel it if it is unfertilized, progesterone may be helpful in reducing the risk of uterine cancers. The naturally high periods of progesterone production are thought to be a partial cause of premenstrual syndrome.

The Balance

When estrogen and progesterone are in proper balance, the female body operates as it should. When they are out of balance, however, symptoms typical of menopausal women can ensue. Natural hormone therapy has been shown to restore the delicate balance of estrogen and progesterone, both in menopausal women and in menstruating women who are experiencing imbalances for other reasons.

If you suspect that you have an imbalance of estrogen and progesterone in your body and are interested in trying hormone replacement therapy Charlotte NC. We can answer your questions and get to the root of your symptoms. Give us a call today to schedule your appointment.